The Structure of the Florida Judicial System

Appellate Courts

Supreme Court - 1
  • Seven justices: six-year terms
  • Sits in Tallahassee
  • Five justices constitute a quorum
District Courts of Appeal - 5
  • Sixty-four judges: six-year terms
  • Five districts:
    • 1st District - Tallahassee - 15 judges
    • 2nd District - Lakeland & Tampa - 16 judges
    • 3rd District - Miami - 10 judges
    • 4th District - West Palm Beach - 12 judges
    • 5th District - Daytona Beach - 11 judges
  • Cases are reviewed by three-judge panels

Trial Courts

Circuit Courts - 20
  • 599 Judges - six-year terms
  • Twenty judicial circuits
  • Different number of judges in each circuit
  • Judges preside individually, except in some circumstances appeals from county court are reviewed by three-judge panels
County Courts - 67
  • 322 judges - six-year terms
  • At least one judge in each county
  • Judges preside individually